Lewis-Clark State College, Spring 2008
HIST 333: Africa and the World
Prof. Eric Martin
310 Spalding Hall (Office Hours: T/Th 12-1:15, W 1:30-2:45, and by appointment) Class Meets In: SGC B123
Phone: (208) 792-2281 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.lcsc.edu/elmartin
Course Description: This course is a survey of African history from the the times of the earliest hominids to the present, but we will spend the bulk of our time in the post 1500 period. In addition to regional specifics, this course will examine the connections that link Africa to broader global processes. This course will also introduce some of the important historical issues, debates, and scholarship related to Africa such as: the Atlantic slave trade, the problems of colonialism, and issues of modernization and globalization.
I assume that you have successfully completed Eng. 102 and the 9 credit Social Science portion of your Gen. Ed core, which should include at least one 100 level history course (HIST 101, 102, 111, 112). Don't be afraid to build upon this previous knowledge, utilize the relevant books and notes from previous classes.
By the end of the course, you should have a demonstrable understanding of Africa and the World. More generally, as a Social Science course, History 333 should help you to do at least some of the following:
Grading and Evaluation
[The standard grading scale will be used in this course. 90 and above = A: Excellent Work; 80-89 = B: Above Average Work; 70-79 = C: Average Work; 60-69 = D: Below Average Work; 59 and below = F: Fail. +'s and -'s will also be used. - = _0-_2, + = _7-_9]
Sundiata Essay (10% of overall grade)The details for this 4-6 page essay are in the schedule below.
Your group has 20 minutes to introduce the class to an assigned historical debate. Each member is expected to briefly discuss the main points of their assigned document/historian and the group as a whole is expected to point out some of the important ways the docuements relate to each other. The time limit will be strict. Your group will also be responsible for facilitating up to 10 min. of Q and A.
As a group your job is to be prepared to :
1. explain the essence of the assigned historical debate
2. describe how your set of documents relate to one another
As an individual you should be prepared to:
1. summarize the position taken in your assigned document
2. contribute to the discussion of all document in your assigned section
Your group can be creative or straightforward in its presentation.
The Atlantic Slave Trade Historiographic Essay (10% of overall grade): You will write a short (4 pages) essay addressing the question -- Why is understanding the historical debate surrounding The Atlantic Slave Trade relevant for understanding the world of the 21st century ? We can also develop other questions if you are interested, but no surprises.
Nervous Conditions Outlines
and Discussion (10% of overall grade): You will develop a formal outline
for discussing these readings. More details in the near future.
Attendance Policy: Excessive unexcused absences (more than two) will have a detrimental impact on your final grade at the rate of one grading increment (A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, F) for every unexcused absence beyond two. It is your responsibility to make arrangements if an emergency prevents you from turning in an assignment on time or requires you to be away from class for an extended period. Get any missed notes from a classmate. No assignment will be accepted late without a previous arrangement or a paperwork trail as indicated in the LCSC handbook. You are expected to be prepared for class and on time.
Academic Honesty: You are on your honor at all times and my presumption
is that each of you is honest. However, the College does not tolerate academic
dishonesty of any sort. All written work that you hand in -- essays and examinations
-- must be exclusively your work. Contact me if you are not clear on this point.
Schedule is subject to frequent change.
Week One 1/15 - 1/17
(T) Intro to class and each other;
(Th) A Tradition of Myths and Stereotypes;
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 1. (p.1-20)
Week Two 1/22-1/24
(T) The Evolution of Early African Societies Video: Black Athenea ( BA Part 1/ 7, BA Part 2/7, BA Part 3/7, BA Part 4/7, BA Part 5/7, BA Part 6/7, BA Part 7/7)
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 2. (p. 21-32)
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 3: Human Migrations VIDEO SEGMENT: Out of Africa; Bridging World History: UNIT 3: Human Migrations VIDEO SEGMENT: Linguistic Clues: Bantu Expansion in Sub-Saharan Africa
(Th) Early Kingdoms and City-States Part I: The Nile Valley; Video Discussion: Black Athenea
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 3 (p. 33-76)
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 6: Order and Early Societies VIDEO SEGMENT: Igbo-Ukwu: Archaeology and Early States
Week Three 1/29-1/31 African Map Quiz #1 (Th)
(T) Early Kingdoms and City-States Part II: The Muslim Factor
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 7: The Spread of Religions VIDEO SEGMENT: Islam (HIST 101 Review); Bridging World History: UNIT 13: Family and Household VIDEO SEGMENT: The Early Islamic Family and Household (HIST 101 Review)
(Th) Early Kingdoms and City-States Part III The East African Coast
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 10: Connections Across Water VIDEO SEGMENT: The Indian Ocean World
Week Four 2/5-2/7: LCSC Black History Month: Film: Keita, Heritage of
(T). Early Kingdoms and City-States Part IV: Western Africa
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 3 (p. 49-64)
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 12: Transmission of Traditions VIDEO SEGMENT: Oral Traditions in West Africa ; Bridging World History: UNIT 11: Early Empires VIDEO SEGMENT: The Mali Empire; Bridging World History: UNIT 9: Connections Across Land VIDEO SEGMENT: The Gold Roads
Kora Music from U Tube: " traditional Djele, or griot, Lankandia plays a fast style of Kora music native to Casamance, Senegal."
*(W) 6pm Film: Keita, Heritage of the Griot
(Th) Film Discussion: Keita, Heritage of the Griot
Readings: Sundiata p.1-26
Week Five 2/12-2/14 (LCSC Black History Month: TBA)
(T) Sundiata Discussion Continued
Readings: Sundiata p. 27 - the end
Week Six 2/19-2/21 (LCSC Black History Month: TBA)
(T) Assignment Due: Sundiata Essay
[Assignment developed by Dr. Trevor Getz]
In approximately 4-6 pages, students are asked to answer one of the following questions:
1) What are the places/roles of women in this story and in the Malian society as depicted? In what spheres do women appear to act? In what ways are they excluded or included?
2) Consider the theme of ‘heritage’ as it applies to the character of Sundiata himself. What is Sundiata’s heritage? Why is it important to his power, position, personality, etc? What does this tell us about Malian society of this period?
3) Explore the idea of the ‘griot’. D.T. Niane is one, as is the griot who passes the story on to him. What is their link to the griots of Sundiata’s time? Also consider the dual roles of griot as narrator/storyteller and griot as advisor/historian depicted in the book.
You have a lot of leeway with this essay, but be sure to concentrate on the book and on historical themes.
(Th) Africa and the World, 1400-1859; The Expansion of Africa
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 4 (p. 77-94); Ch5 (p. 95-102); Ch 6. (p. 99-120)
Online Presentation(s): Bridging World History: UNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: Slavery and Serfdom: From the Ancient World to Tsarist Russia; Bridging World History: UNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: Islamic Southeast Asia ; Bridging World History: UNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: The Americas and the Globalization of Labor: Slavery and Resistance
Week Seven 2/26-2/28 (LCSC Black History Month: Movie: "When We Were Kings" 2/27 6:00pm, MLH 100)
(T) Why Were Africans Enslaved?; The Slave Trade Within Africa
Readings: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 1; Chapter 2
The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 1: Why Were Africans Enslaved?
The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 2: The Slave Trade Within Africa
(Th) The Middle Passage; Effects in Africa; "When We Were Kings" Discussion
Readings: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 3; Chapter 4
Student Panel Discussion: Readings: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 3: The Middle Passage
Buxton : Jennifer
Eltis and Richardson: ?
Student Panel Discussion: Readings: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 4, Effects in Africa
Week Eight 3/4-3/6
T) Effects in Europe and the Americas; Abolition
Readings: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 5; Chapter 6
Student Panel Discussion: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 5, Effects in Europe and the Americas
Student Panel Discussion: The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 6, Abolition
Bonsu and Honesty II: Jennifer
TH) TBA : Basil Davidson 'The Bible and the Gun" or "The Carribean"
Week Nine 3/11-3/13
T) The Atlantic Slave Trade Historiographic Essays Due
TH) Native American Awareness Week
Spring Break 3/18-3/20
Week Ten 3/25-3/27 (March 28, last day to withdraw)
(T) Video: Africa: That Magnificent African Cake
- What were the reasons for European Colonialism in Africa?
- What were the variety of forms that European Colonialism in Africa took?
- What are some aspects of the European Colonial Legacy in Africa?
Readings: Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. Ch 7. (p. 121-132); Ch 8 (p. 133-144) Ch 9 (p. 145-156); Ch 10 (p. 157-170)
(W) 7:00 p.m., UI SUB Ballroom Guest Speaker: Tayo Oke, “Politics of Democratic Transition in Africa: Independence, Instability, and the Elusive Goal of ‘Development”
(Th) 250 Word Response Piece on Davidsons Thesis and Evidence or OUTLINE DUE (One Page: single spaces max.) Due
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 11; Ch 12.; Ch. 13
Week Eleven 4/1-4/3
(T) Independence Movements - F.W de Klerk (Last President of Apratheid South Africa 1989-1994)
Readings: Africans and Their History Ch. 14
(W) 7:00 p.m. UI SUB Ballroom “The Challenges of Reconciliation: A Discussion” Ken Attafuah, Director, National Reconciliation Commission of Ghana Mason Smith, Deputy Permanent Representative, Mission of Fiji to the U.N.
(Th) Kwame Nkrumah
Readings: From Francis to Nkrumah (Sent Via Email)
Week Twelve 4/8-4/10 (AGF Conference 4/11 - 4/13)
(T) Guest Speaker: Liz Bageant; African Nation Map Q;
Readings: Africans and Their History "Ch. 15 The Transformation in Southern Africa: South Africa and Namibia"
(Th) Video: The Winds of Change
Week Thirteen 4/15-4/17 Discussion: Nervous Conditions
(T) OUTLINE DUE
(W) By noon on Wed. April 16th you must submite via email a question that you think would be rasonabl for your formal essay. See the criteria for essay below.
(Th) Nervous Conditions Discussion Continued (?); Formal Essay Discussion
Week Fourteen 4/22- 4/24
(T): The Post-Colonial Experience Fela: Music is the Weapon
- ITT Lyrics
- Original Sufferhead Lyrics
- Power Show Lyrics
- Teacher Dont Teach Me Nonsense Lyrics
(Th) The Post-Colonial Experience Ken Saro-Wiwa "Basi and Company" "Transistor Radio" via You Tube Part 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4
Readings: On your own, come to class with some idea as to who Ken Saro-Wiwa was.
Week Fifteen 4/29- 5/1 Evaluations
(T) Africa in the News from Frontline and Frontline World
Week Sixteen 5/6-5/8
(T) LCSC Senior Research Presentions
(Th) LCSC Senior Research Presentations
Ch. 11( p. 171-182) Ch. 12 (p. 183-202) Ch. 13 (p. 203-230) Ch. 14 (p. 269-278) Ch. 15 (p. 279-286) Ch. 16 (p. 287-302) Ch.(303-328)
Talkabout History Historians from Africa and America in conversation :
1. Talkabout History The importance of African History (half an hour)
2. Talkabout History The future of African History (half an hour)
Africa in History looks at six historical debates including the Origin of Ancient Egypt and Africa's Role in the Slave Trade (30 minutes duration each)
These programmes will be put online when production is completed.
1. Ancient Egypt and the Nile Valley
2. Religion in Africa
3. Legacy of Great Empires
(To be broadcast: 11.01.02)
(To be broadcast: 18.01.02)
The Story of Africa is a twenty four part narrative history of the continent, taking listeners from the Dawn of Man to Independence. (30 minutes duration each.)
1. Origins of Humankind
How humanity emerged in East Africa and spread from the continent to populate other parts of the world.
2. Africa & the Nile Valley
Looking at the great civilisations of Egypt and Kush and assessing the links between the Nile Valley and other parts of Africa.
3. The Berbers
How the original peoples of North Africa reacted to wave upon wave of colonisation at the hands of Phoenicians, Romans and Arabs.
4. The Bantu Migrations
One of the most extraordinary population movements in history - how the Bantu spread into East and Southern Africa transforming the culture and linguistics of the continent.
5. Traditional Religions
How African traditional beliefs, the veneration of ancestors and the power of taboos has affected history.
6. The Coming of Christianity
The rise of Christianity in Egypt and the establishment of powerful Christian states in Axum and Nubia.
7. The Coming of Islam
The rise of Arabic dynasties, and the spread of Islam throughout north and sub-Saharan Africa.
8. The Empire of Ancient Ghana
How early settlements developed into vital commercial centres growing rich on Saharan trade.
9. The Kingdoms of Mali and Songhay
The emergence of Timbuktu as a centre of learning and the glories of an empire built on gold.
10. The Swahili Coast
The development of coastal communities from small trading settlements to city-states and the emergence of the Swahili language and peoples.
11. Central Africa & the Coming of the Portuguese
The Kingdoms of Great Zimbabwe and Kongo, and the impact of Portuguese trading on inland Africa.
12. The Art of Ife and Benin
An extraordinary cultural flowering which reaches its peak in the twelfth century. And the role of artistic expression in Africa's history.
13. Hausa City States & the Fulani Jihad
The role of Usman dan Fodio, and the foundation of the city-states of Hausaland.
14. Roots of African Slavery
A look at the concept of slavery in Africa before the arrival of Europeans.
15. The Transatlantic Slave Trade
Eyewitness accounts of slave raids on African towns and villages and the horror of the Middle Passage.
16. East African Slavery
Accounts from Zanzibar and Bagamoyo on the Arab slave trade and the role of African traders such as Tippu Tip.
17. Africa on the Eve of Colonialism
Looking at urban and rural societies, pan-African trade and culture on the eve of European exploitation.
18. The Mfecane
African resistance to the Boers, the rise of the Zulu peoples and their expansion northwards at the expense of other Bantu groups.
19. Partition & Resistance
How the Scramble for Africa led to an arbitrary redrawing of the map of Africa by European diplomats at the Congress of Berlin.
20. Life under Colonialism
Eyewitness accounts from throughout the continent on what it was like to live under British, French, German and Portuguese rulers.
21. The Challenges to Colonialism
The beginnings of resistance and the emergence of anti-colonial religious, cultural and political movements.
Looking at how a variety of colonies achieved independence - some peacefully, some through violence.
The struggle against the racist white government and the eventual overthrow of apartheid culminating in the release and election as President of Nelson Mandela.
24. The Nation State
The emergence of independent states and the political, social and economic challenges facing those who led them.
Bridging World History
xUNIT 3: Human Migrations VIDEO SEGMENT: Out of Africa;
xUNIT 3: Human Migrations VIDEO SEGMENT: Linguistic Clues: Bantu Expansion in Sub-Saharan Africa
xUNIT 6: Order and Early Societies VIDEO SEGMENT: Igbo-Ukwu: Archaeology and Early States
xUNIT 7: The Spread of Religions VIDEO SEGMENT: Islam
x UNIT 9: Connections Across Land VIDEO SEGMENT: The Gold Roads
xUNIT 10: Connections Across Water VIDEO SEGMENT: The Indian Ocean World
xUNIT 11: Early Empires VIDEO SEGMENT: The Mali Empire
xUNIT 12: Transmission of Traditions VIDEO SEGMENT: Oral Traditions in West Africa
xUNIT 13: Family and Household VIDEO SEGMENT: The Early Islamic Family and Household
xUNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: Slavery and Serfdom: From the Ancient World to Tsarist Russia
xUNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: Islamic Southeast Asia
xUNIT 14: Land and Labor Relationships VIDEO SEGMENT: The Americas and the Globalization of Labor: Slavery and Resistance
UNIT 15: Early Global Commodities VIDEO SEGMENT: Silver Connects the World: Europe, East Asia, and West Africa
UNIT 16: Food, Demographics, and Culture VIDEO SEGMENT: Food and the Columbian Exchange: The Atlantic Voyages
UNIT 16: Food, Demographics, and Culture VIDEO SEGMENT: Food and the Columbian Exchange: The Caribbean Experience
UNIT 17: Ideas Shape the World VIDEO SEGMENT: Revolutions in the Americas
UNIT 17: Ideas Shape the World VIDEO SEGMENT: Islamic Revitalization Movements
UNIT 20: Imperial Designs VIDEO SEGMENT: Imperialism in South Africa
UNIT 21: Colonial Identities VIDEO SEGMENT: Colonial Zanzibar
UNIT 22: Global War and Peace VIDEO SEGMENT: Post-Colonialism in the Belgian Congo
UNIT 25: Global Popular Culture VIDEO SEGMENT: Reggae Music: Out of Africa
Test Your African Geography