Goals and Objectives
Fundamental assumptions of human behavior:
Behavior is purposive
Behavior is systematic
People use a problem solving approach in dealing with their environment.
To meet their needs, people set goals.
When meeting need is blocked, adaptive or coping behavior results.
This means that goals may need to be reformulated or adjusted.
One of the steps in most policy analysis models is determination of goals.
Definition of a Goal:
A goal answers the question . . .
"What is the policy suppose to do, anyhow?"
A goal is an end, not a means to an end.
- The difference between means and ends is the answer to the question, "For
Functions of Goals:
Manifest function means the actual stated purpose.
Latent function means something that is hidden.
Differences between Goals and Objectives:
Goals are abstract and general.
Objectives are specific and concrete.
Both frequently start with, "To . . ."
Example: Family Values - Family Leave
Goal: To strengthen families.
Objective: To enable mothers/fathers to take six weeks of unpaid leave to care for a
newborn and return to the job with no change in assignment or demotion.
Another Example: Asbestos Policy
Goal: To protect the health of employees.
Objective: To ensure that asbestos particles in the air do not exceed .01 fibers per
cubic centimeter, the level recommended by health experts.
Evaluating Goals and Objectives
Statements of goals and objectives should:
- Be clear
- Be measurable (quantifiable)
- Be manipulable (able to change)
- Be concerned with ends, not means
Each group should review and identify the "normative" value positions in
society (Popple and Leighninger, pages 92 - 99.
The Indian Child Welfare Act
(P.L. 95-609, 95 STAT 3069, passed 11/8/78)
"It is the policy of this nation to protect the best interests of Indian children
and to promote the stability and security of Indian tribes and families by establishment
of minimum Federal standards for the removal of Indian children from families and
placement of such children in foster or adoptive homes which will reflect the unique
values of Indian culture . . . In any State court proceeding for foster care placement or
termination of parental rights to an Indian child . . . The court . . . shall transfer
such proceeding to the jurisdiction of the tribe (Tribal Court) . . . absent objection by
either parent or the Indian childs tribe."
- 1. Brainstorm the "social problem" that your group feels this policy is
intended to solve.
- 2. Write a goal statement.
- 3. Write two measurable objectives.
- 4. Each group should nominate a spokesperson.
- 5. The spokesperson for the group should present your definition of the "social
problem," your goal, your objectives, and the normative value positions your group
identified in support or opposition to the issues.
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