Understanding Motor Development:
Is continuous change in motor behavior throughout the life cycle, brought about by the interaction among the requirements of the task, the biology of the individual, and the conditions of the environment.
Instruction does not explain learning, development does.
The study of motor development in the past was overshadowed by interest in the cognitive and affective processes of development.
Kinesiology interests (exercise phys, biomechanics, etc ) did not gain any speed until the 1970s.
Compartmentalized view of Human Development
Transactional View of Causation in MD
Development is a lifelong process beginning at conception and ceasing only at death.
Development is age related, but not age-dependent.
Historically, MD has gone through periods that have emphasized various explanations of the development process.
1930s-WWII maturational period
1946-1970 normative/descriptive period
1970 to present process oriented
Methods to Study MD
Longitudinal explains behavior changes over time.
Cross-Sectional measures age related differences.
Mixed-Longitudinal combines both.
Whereas age-related changes in motor behavior can be studied through cross-sectional research designs, true developmental change can only be studied through longitudinal and mixed-longitudinal designs.
Although chronological age is the most commonly used means of age classification, it is frequently the least valid.
Conventional Chronological Age Classifications
Interrelated Components of Human Development
Learning-internal process that results in consistent changes in behavior.
Motor Learning-addition of movement.
Motor Behavior-changes in motor learning and development the embody learning factors and maturational processes associated with movement performance.
Motor Control-deals with the study of isolated tasks under specific conditions.
Motor Development-continuous change in motor behavior throughout the life cycle. Can be studied as process and/or product.