The Different Disabilities:
What are learning disabilities?
“Learning disability” is a
generic term that refers to a mixed group of disorders exhibited by significant
difficulties in acquiring and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing,
reasoning, or mathematical abilities.
Most students with a
learning disability (LD) have difficulty in one specific area and perform well
in others. Common areas of difficulty are: reading, math, writing, spelling and
Students who are
identified as having learning disabilities are often (not always) strong visual,
hands-on learners who benefit from such presentations as videos, films, overhead
transparencies, modeling, and demonstrations.
They learn best when the context is presented first, and facts are added to the
big picture. One identifying characteristic is the disparity between the
individual’s performance in one area and another. For example, some students
with learning disabilities excel at class participation, where the emphasis is
upon auditory processing, but fail to follow through with the same success at
written tasks such as exams.
Some students who have
become adept at compensating for their LD are knowledgeable about their needs
and are comfortable asking for help. Others are not as comfortable identifying
himself or herself as a person with a disability and may not be willing to ask
for assistance until they fail an exam.
What are mental or
psychological (disorders) disabilities?