Title IX

Nine Fast Facts about sexual assault and Title IX

Listed below are nine fast facts about Title IX, courtesy of the National Women's Law Center.

  1. Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in education programs that receive federal funding.  (This means all public and charter K-12 schools, some private K-12 schools, and nearly all colleges and universities.)
  2. Sexual harassment, including sexual assault, is a type of sex discrimination that's banned by Title IX.
  3. Sexual assault = a physical sexual act done against a person's will.  This includes situations in which a person is incapable of giving consent due to drug or alcohol use.
  4. One in five women are victims of completed or attempted sexual assault while in college.  That's over two million women.
  5. Sexual harassment creates a hostile environment when it is sufficiently serious that it interferes with or limits a student's ability to participate in or benefit from an education program.  (Rape is sufficiently severe to create a hostile environment.)
  6. If a school knows (or reasonably should know) about sexual harassment, including sexual assault, that creates a hostile environment, Title IX requires the school to take immediate action to eliminate the harassment, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects.
  7. Schools are required to adopt and publish grievance procedures for students who complain of sex discrimination, including sexual assault.
  8. If you file a complaint with the school, regardless of where the assault occurred, your school must process the complaint under its grievance procedures.
  9. Because a Title IX investigation is different from a law enforcement investigation, even if you file a police report your school is independently required to investigate the assault.  This investigation must be prompt, thorough, and impartial.

*For a downloadable PDF copy of these facts, click here.