Nine Fast Facts
about sexual assault and Title IX
Listed below are nine fast facts about Title IX, courtesy of the National Women's Law Center.
- Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in education programs that receive federal funding. (This means all public and charter K-12 schools, some private K-12 schools, and nearly all colleges and universities.)
- Sexual harassment, including sexual assault, is a type of sex discrimination that's banned by Title IX.
- Sexual assault = a physical sexual act done against a person's will. This includes situations in which a person is incapable of giving consent due to drug or alcohol use.
- One in five women are victims of completed or attempted sexual assault while in college. That's over two million women.
- Sexual harassment creates a hostile environment when it is sufficiently serious that it interferes with or limits a student's ability to participate in or benefit from an education program. (Rape is sufficiently severe to create a hostile environment.)
- If a school knows (or reasonably should know) about sexual harassment, including sexual assault, that creates a hostile environment, Title IX requires the school to take immediate action to eliminate the harassment, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects.
- Schools are required to adopt and publish grievance procedures for students who complain of sex discrimination, including sexual assault.
- If you file a complaint with the school, regardless of where the assault occurred, your school must process the complaint under its grievance procedures.
- Because a Title IX investigation is different from a law enforcement investigation, even if you file a police report your school is independently required to investigate the assault. This investigation must be prompt, thorough, and impartial.
*For a downloadable PDF copy of these facts, click here.